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Kingswood Primary School

"Opportunity, Enjoyment, Excellence"

Home Page

Kingswood Primary School

"Opportunity, Enjoyment, Excellence"

Years 5 & 6

Knowledge and skills:

During Year 5 & Year 6 the children learn about the following scientific areas:

Working scientifically

The children learn to:

  • plan different types of scientific enquiry;
  • control variables in an enquiry;
  • measure accurately and precisely using a range of equipment;
  • record data and results using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs;
  • use the outcome of test results to make predictions and set up a further comparative test;
  • report findings from enquiries in a range of ways;
  • explain a conclusion from an enquiry;
  • explain causal relationships in an enquiry;
  • relate the outcome from an enquiry to scientific knowledge in order to state whether the evidence supports or refutes an argument or theory;
  • read, spell and pronounce scientific vocabulary accurately.

Biology

Animals, including humans:

The children learn to:

  • create a timeline to indicate stages of growth in humans;
  • identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system;
  • describe the function of the heart, blood vessels and blood;
  • discuss the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on health;
  • describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported in animals, including humans.

 

Evolution and inheritance:

The children learn to:

  • describe how the Earth and living things have changed over time;
  • explain how fossils can be used to find out about the past;
  • explain about reproduction and offspring (recognising that offspring normally vary and are not identical to their parents);
  • explain how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment;
  • link adaptation over time to evolution;
  • explain evolution.

 

Living things and their habitats:

The children learn to:

  • describe the life cycle of different living things, e.g. mammal, amphibian, insect, bird;
  • describe the differences between different life cycles;
  • describe the process of reproduction in plants;
  • describe the process of reproduction in animals;
  • classify living things into broad groups according to observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences;
  • describe how living things have been classified;
  • animals in a specific way.

Chemistry

Materials, properties and changes:

The children learn to:

  • compare and group materials based on their properties (e.g. hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity [electrical and thermal], and response to magnets);
  • describe how a material dissolves to form a solution, explaining the process of dissolving;
  • describe and show how to recover a substance from a solution;
  • describe how some materials can be separated;
  • demonstrate how materials can be separated (filtering, sieving and evaporating);
  • know and can demonstrate that some changes are reversible and some are not;
  • explain how some changes result in the formation of a new material and that this is usually irreversible;
  • discuss reversible and irreversible changes;
  • give evidenced reasons why materials should be used for specific purposes.

Physics

Earth and space:

The children learn to:

  • describe and explain the movement of the Earth and other planets relative to the Sun;
  • describe and explain the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth;
  • explain and demonstrate how night and day are created;
  • describe the Sun, Earth and Moon (using the term spherical).

 

Electricity:

The children learn to:

  • explain how the number and voltage of cells in a circuit links to the brightness of a bulb or the volume of a buzzer;
  • compare and give reasons for why components work and do not work in a circuit;
  • draw circuit diagrams using correct symbols.

 

Forces:

The children learn to:

  • explain what gravity is and its impact on our lives;
  • identify and explain the effect of air resistance;
  • identify and explain the effect of water resistance;
  • identify and explain the effect of friction;
  • explain how levers, pulleys and gears allow a smaller force to have a greater effect.

 

Light:

The children learn to:

  • explain how light travels;
  • explain and demonstrate how we see objects;
  • explain why shadows have the same shape as the object that casts them;
  • explain how simple optical instruments work (e.g. periscope, telescope, binoculars, magnifying glass, mirror, etc.).

 

Years 5 and 6 schemes of work:
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