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Kingswood Primary School

"Opportunity, Enjoyment, Excellence"

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Kingswood Primary School

"Opportunity, Enjoyment, Excellence"

Years 3 & 4

Knowledge and skills:

During Year 3 & Year 4 the children learn about the following scientific areas:

Working scientifically:

The children learn to:

  • ask relevant scientific questions;
  • use observations and knowledge to answer scientific questions;
  • set up a simple enquiry to explore a scientific question;
  • set up a test to compare two things;
  • set up a fair test and explain why it is fair;
  • make careful and accurate observations, including the use of standard units;
  • use equipment, including thermometers and data loggers to make measurements;
  • gather, record, classify and present data in different ways to answer scientific questions;
  • use diagrams, keys, bar charts and tables, using scientific language;
  • use findings to report in different ways, including oral and written explanations/ presentations;
  • draw conclusions and suggest improvements;
  • make a prediction with a reason;
  • identify differences, similarities and changes related to an enquiry.

Biology

Animals, including humans:

The children learn to:

  • explain the importance of a nutritious, balanced diet;
  • explain how nutrients, water and oxygen are transported within animals and humans;
  • describe and explain the skeletal system of a human;
  • describe and explain the muscular system of a human;
  • describe the purpose of the skeleton in humans and animals;
  • identify and name the parts of the human digestive system;
  • describe the functions of the organs in the human digestive system;
  • identify and describe the different type of teeth in humans;
  • describe the functions of different human teeth;
  • use food chains to identify producers, predators and prey;
  • construct food chains to identify producers, predators and prey.

 

Living things and their habitats:

The children learn to:

  • group living things in different ways;
  • use classification keys to group, identify and name living things;
  • create classification keys to group, identify and name living things;
  • describe how changes to an environment could endanger living things.

 

Plants:

The children learn to:

  • describe the function of different parts of plants and trees;
  • explore and describe the needs of different plants for survival;
  • explore and describe how water is transported within plants;
  • describe the plant life cycle, especially the importance of flowers.

Chemistry

Materials and their uses:

The children learn to:

  • compare and group rocks based on their appearance and physical properties, giving a reason;
  • describe how fossils are formed;
  • describe how soil is made;
  • describe and explain the difference between sedimentary and igneous rock.

 

Sates of matter:

The children learn to:

  • group materials based on their state of matter (solid, liquid, gas);
  • describe how some materials can change state;
  • explore how materials change state;
  • measure the temperature at which materials change state;
  • describe the water cycle;
  • explain the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle.

Physics

Electricity:

The children learn to:

  • identify and name appliances that require electricity to function;
  • construct a series circuit;
  • identify and name the components in a series circuit (including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers);
  • draw a circuit diagram;
  • predict and test whether a lamp will light in a circuit;
  • describe the function of a switch in a circuit;
  • describe the difference between a conductor and insulators, giving examples of each.

 

Forces and magnetism:

The children learn to:

  • explore and describe how objects move on different surfaces;
  • explain how some forces require contact and some do not, giving examples;
  • explore and explain how magnets attract and repel in relation to objects and other magnets;
  • predict whether objects will be magnetic and carry out and enquiry to test this out;
  • describe how magnets work;
  • predict whether magnets will attract or repel and give a reason.

 

Light:

The children learn to:

  • describe what dark is (the absence of light);
  • explain that light is needed in order to see;
  • explain that light is reflected from a surface;
  • explain and demonstrate how a shadow is formed;
  • explore shadow size and explain;
  • explain the dangers of direct sunlight and describe how to keep protected.

 

Sound:

The children learn to:

  • describe how a sound is made;
  • explain how sound travels from a source to our ears;
  • explain the place of vibration in hearing;
  • explore the correlation between pitch and the object producing a sound;
  • explore the correlation between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it;
  • describe what happens to a sound as it travels away from its source.
Years 3 and 4 schemes of work:
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