# Year 5

Number and place value

In Year 5, children learn to:

• read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1,000,000 and determine the value of each digit;
• interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers including through zero.

In Year 5, children learn to:

• add and subtract whole numbers with more than four digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction);
• work mentally with increasingly large numbers (eg 12,462 - 2,300 = 10,162).

Multiplication and division

In Year 5, children learn to:

• identify multiples and factors including finding all factor pairs of a number and common factors of two numbers;
• solve problems involving multiplication and division including using a knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes;
• solve problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates.

Fractions (including decimals)

In Year 5, children learn to:

• compare and order fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number;
• read and write decimal numbers as fractions eg 0.71 = 71/100;
• read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places;
• solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of 1/2, 1/4, 1/5, 2/5, 4/5 and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25.

Measurement

In Year 5, children learn to:

• convert between different units of metric measure (eg kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre);
• measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres;
• calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares), and including using standard units, square centimetres (cm²) and square metres (m²).

Geometry (properties of shape)

In Year 5, children learn to:

• draw given angles and measures them in degrees (°);
• distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles.

Statistics

In Year 5, children learn to:

• complete, read and interpret information in tables, including timetables.
Top