# Year 2

Number and place value

In Year 2, children learn to:

• count in steps of two, three, and five from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward;
• compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100;
• use < > and = signs correctly;
• use place value and number facts to solve problems.

In Year 2, children learn to:

• solve problems with addition and subtraction by using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers;
• solve problems with addition and subtraction by applying an increasing knowledge of mental and written methods;
• recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 and 100 -  fluently up to 20.

Multiplication and division

In Year 2, children learn to:

• recall and use multiplication and division facts for the two, five and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers;
• solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts.

Fractions (including decimals)

In Year 2, children learn to:

• recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, 1/4, 2/4, and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity.

Measurement

In Year 2, children learn to:

• solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit including giving change.

Geometry - properties of shape

In Year 2, children learn to:

• compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

Geometry - position and direction

In Year 2, children learn to:

• use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement including movement in a straight line, and distinguishe between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise).

Statistics

In Year 2, children learn to: